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천문우주과학 연구동향

천문우주과학과 관련된 국내외 상위 학술논문 및 특허 정보를 제공해 드립니다.

태양 폭발을 유발하는 자기 환경의 특성 분석 및 예측

Characterizing and predicting the magnetic environment leading to solar eruptions
  • 작성자 : KASI
  • 작성일 : 2014-10-24
  • 조회수 : 3133
  • 저자Tahar Amari, Aure´lien Canou et al.
  • Absract

     

     

    The physical mechanism responsible for coronal mass ejections has been uncertain for many years, in large part because of the difficulty of knowing the three-dimensional magnetic field in the low corona. Two possible models have emerged. In the first, a twisted flux ropemoves out of equilibriumor becomesunstable, and the subsequent reconnection then powers the ejection. In the second, a new flux rope forms as a result of the reconnection of the magnetic lines of an arcade (a group of arches of field lines) during the eruption itself. Observational support for both mechanisms has been claimed. Herewereportmodellingwhich demonstrates that twisted flux ropes lead to the ejection, in support of the first model. After seeing a coronal mass ejection,we use the observed photosphericmagnetic field in that region fromfour days earlier as a boundary condition to determine themagnetic field configuration. The field evolves slowly before the eruption, such that it can be treated effectively as a static solution. Wefind that on the fourth day a flux rope forms and grows (increasing its free energy). This solution then becomes the initial condition aswe let the model evolvedynamically under conditions driven by photospheric changes (such as flux cancellation).When the magnetic energy stored in the configuration is too high, no equilibrium is possible and the flux rope is ‘squeezed’ upwards. The subsequent reconnection drives a mass ejection.​


  • 게재정보NATURE(2014.10.24)에 게재된 논문임
  • 첨부파일
  • 원 문http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v514/n7523/full/nature13815.html
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